Artistic encounters
in war and violent conflict

Stella Gaitano

Stella Gaitano Writer

Stella Gaitano is a well-known writer on the Sudanese Arabic literary scene who lives and works in Khartoum, Sudan. Her writing explores themes of departure, motherhood, loss, and grief in the context of war in South Sudan.

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Stella Gaitano

The artist

Stella Gaitano is a well-known writer on the Sudanese Arabic literary scene. She is also a public health professional and lives in Khartoum, Sudan. She was born in Khartoum in 1979, which lies at the heart of the turmoil and tortured identity politics that have contributed to the demise of Sudan as it existed as a nation state encompassing South Sudan; however, her personal biography is influenced by her South Sudanese ancestry through her parents, who hail from South-East Sudan.

She was trained as a pharmacist at Khartoum University and worked as a journalist in Khartoum and Juba while publishing her first collections of short stories. She started writing stories while she was still at primary school. Among the authors who have influenced her, Stella cites the Sudanese At-Tayyib Salih, as well as Gabriel García Márquez, Carlos Ruiz Zafon, Isabel Allende and other writers around the world. During her studies, she came into contact with intellectuals and political activists, after which she intensified her writing and started to write about herself, her family and her people.

Artistic practice and activism

Stella embodies both Northern and Southern Sudanese sociocultural signifiers. Through her complex personal biography, her use of Arabic as a language of creative expression and her personal choices, she lives the state of flux that has assailed the broader Sudanese sociocultural landscape since the division of the country into two parts in July 2011 on a daily basis. This meeting of two cultural components that live within Stella creates a very poignant framework for issues relating to identity and belonging.

Stella comments regularly on the political situation in Sudan and South Sudan in newspaper articles. She also participated in the initiative Youth for My Country, which attempts to ease the suffering of the many victims of violence in South Sudan by offering pragmatic, hands-on solutions. She is an initiator of the initiative “Donate a book make a difference”, which has managed to collect more than 10,000 books with a view to establishing public libraries in Darfur, and elsewhere in Sudan and South Sudan. “Awareness is the closest way to helping people achieve their aspirations,” Stella says.

Stella’s writings

Gaitano says that she wrote one of her first short stories, “A Lake the Size of a Papaya Fruit”, in half an hour, inspired by her grandmother. It was a revelation for her. The story, for which she was awarded a literary prize in 2003, is about a girl and her grandmother who have to make their way through life alone, after the girls’ parents and grandfather die. “Wilted Flowers” (2002) is Gaitano’s first book of short stories. It describes the fate of people who have fled from the murderous conflicts in South Sudan, Darfur and the Nuba mountains and are living in refugee camps near Khartoum.

In her work, “The Return (or Homecoming)” (2015), Gaitano describes the return of many South Sudanese from the North to their newly founded state. She portrays the immense expectations aroused, great hopes and even greater disappointments. Gaitano herself migrated in 2012 from North to South Sudan. She is considered an important voice of her people, who have known both war and expulsion. She writes in Arabic, for which she is criticized by certain South Sudanese colleagues, who see it as – according to Gaitano– a “colonialist tool”. Stella feels that language is “the soul of the text” and hopes that South Sudan will also have a place for Arabic.

Stella won the Professor Ali El-Mek Award in 2001 and 2004. In Eddo’s Souls (2019), Stella writes a Sudanese and South Sudanese generational novel that takes us on a journey through space and time, constellations of belief, and political regimes. The novel was originally published in South Sudan and set to be translated from Arabic into English in 2021. In 2020, the novel won the English PEN’s flagship translation award, and is the first novel from South Sudan ever to be published in the UK next year 2021. In this novel, Stella explores themes of identity, love, and neglect. It also revisits recurring themes of departure, motherhood, loss, and grief in the context of war in South Sudan.

A review of Eddo’s Souls can be read here, and an excerpt can be found here.

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